Typical companies are required to make as much money as possible.
In America, when you start a company you usually have to decide on a set of rules that will govern how the company is run. You have to decide things like who will make the decisions, who will do what work, and, perhaps most importantly, what the goals of the company will be. Usually you write these rules down and submit them to a state like Delaware, and then Delaware records that you’ve started a company. At that time, you also choose what kind of company you will create from the options that Delaware offers. The different kinds of companies are obligated to follow certain rules, so this decision also affects the rules of your company. In Delaware, you can choose to form a limited liability company, or a a limited partnership, or a limited liability partnership, or something else. But the most prominent kind is a corporation.
A typical corporation holds one goal above all others: maximize shareholder value. That’s a fancy way of saying: make as much money as possible. And lawmakers and judges have approved this setup again and again over time. They’ve said that the most important goal of a company is to make as much money as possible. They’ve even said that failing to make as much money as possible is a violation of the law and/or the company’s rules. Lately, there’s been some resistance to this way of doing things but for the most part it’s the accepted way of doing things.